Shinyaeva Olga Viktorovna, Doctor of sociological sciences, professor, head of sub-department of political sciences, sociology and public relations, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (42 L. Tolstogo street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Klyueva Tatiana Valerievna, Candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of political sciences, sociology and public relations, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (42 L. Tolstogo street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), email@example.com
Ushkova Julia Valerevna, Postgraduate student, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (42 L. Tolstogo street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), Jullichkar92@mail.ru
Background. Russia witnesses an increase of social status differentiation, affecting the interests of the whole population, especially the youth. This intensifies the urgency of a scientific analysis of social mobility of young people from families with different living standards and quality. Of sociological interest is the problem of utilization of such resources in the course of social mobility of young people that their families possess. The purpose of this article is to determine the nature of the impact of living standards and quality of families in shaping social mobility of young people.
Materials and methods. The study is based on generalization of results of national studies, interpretation of data from the authors’ interviewing of young people in the regions of Volga region. The problem is investigated on the basis of structuralfunctional and active approaches that allow to analyze from the standpoint of the society and the subject; to reveal the influence of family factors on objective and subjective measures of social mobility.
Results. Sharp economic stratification of the Russian society, changing social structure towards increasing the share of lower classes, has led to the destruction of the system of motivations to move to more affluent layers via legitimate and previously tested models of achieving a higher social status. Young Russians have no belief that ot is only through education that they will be able to make a social move into a higher status group. For those from poor families it is typical to have a stronger urge towards professional mobility by obtaining a specialty in demand in the market; young people from families with an average income more often want to find a high-paid job and move to another city. Young people from wealthy families are planning to open a business and engage in entrepreneurial mobility.
Conclusions. Without denying the importance of material status of families, young people emphasize the influence of psychological climate and cultural capital. A strong influence on social success of the youth by indicators of life quality of families in the form of living conditions, traditions, climate, education of parents, is caused by the nature of the latter; these factors affect the forms of family capital and converd to status positions of young people.
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